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serwis obsługiwany jest przez program Mir
Was AWS financed by the USA government?
mostly International Republic Institute (IRI) : http://www.iri.org/countries.asp?ID=8369274321 15-02-2004 10:53
The IRI is funded by the USA national budget (USAID +
NED). In 1997, IRI helped the center/center-right
parties in the Sejm elections, helped MPs (posłowie)
"get off to a fast start" in the Sejm and helped AWS
become a "unified political party".

media item 1 media item 1

 http://www.iri.org/countries.asp?ID=8369274321

International Republican Institute = IRI:

*Funding Source:*
U.S. Agency for International Development = USAID -> US Congress
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USAID

The United States Agency for International Development (or USAID) is the US government organization responsible for most non-military foreign aid. An independent federal agency, it receives overall foreign policy guidance from the US Secretary of State.

National Endowment For Democracy = NED -> US Congress
 http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Endowment_for_Democracy

IRI is a USA government funded organisation.

What did the IRI do in Poland?

This is an old page from 1997, but very interesting:

 http://www.iri.org/countries.asp?ID=8369274321

*IRI in Poland*

*Governing Parties*
Election Action Solidarity, Marian Krzaklewski
Freedom Union, Leszek Balcerowicz

*Opposition Parties*
Democratic Left Alliance
Polish Peasant Party
Movement for the Reconstruction of Poland
Confederation For an Independent Poland
*
Dates of recent and Coming Elections*
/Last/
September 1997-parliamentary
October 1998-local elections
/Next/
Fall 2000-presidential


*Title of Project: *Political Development
*Dates of Project: *March 1998-September 1998
*Funding Source:*
U.S. Agency for International Development
National Endowment For Democracy



IRI's program in Poland
( http://www.iri.org/countries.asp?id=8369274321) began in 1991 with
a focus on political party development and coalition building. In
addition to helping democratic parties that emerged after 1989 build
organizations and learn to campaign effectively, IRI placed great
emphasis on efforts to promote unity among Poland's
highly fragmented center and
center-right political parties. These efforts paid off in 1996, when
nearly 40 center-right parties and movements formed an electoral
coalition - Election Action Solidarity (AWS) - and, after winning
parliamentary elections in 1997, initiated concrete steps toward
unification.

IRI's early joint-policy conferences provided a foundation for future
success by bringing the feuding parties together on common policy
ground. In 1995 and 1996 IRI intensified its coalition development
programs, conducting opinion polls for the center and center-right
parties and convening working groups on party cooperation and assimilation.
In 1997, IRI helped the center and center-right parties ready themselves
for the autumn parliamentary elections with campaign and communications
training, along with training in parliamentary processes for AWS
candidates. Though prospective in nature, the parliamentary program
successfully identified future MPs and helped them get off to a fast
start when they entered the Polish Sejm.

IRI also initiated a very important process in 1997 that strengthened
the coalition during the election campaign and stimulated thinking about
transforming AWS from an electoral coalition into a unified political
party. IRI research, and recommendations made to AWS President Marian
Krzaklewski, resulted in the formation of a high-level task force
charged with exploring the issue and presenting Krzaklewski with
options. The effort ultimately resulted in creation of a new party - AWS
Social Movement (RSAWS) - which was registered in December 1997. Though
the problem of a fragmented center-right was not solved, this was a
concrete first step forward.

In addition to its work with parties and coalitions, IRI also helped
Polish youth organizations overcome apathy among younger Poles and
reverse their history of low voter turnout. IRI's program attracted
private funding and generated widespread participation. Student groups
organized candidate debates around the country where leading candidates
spoke on the issues. Nearly 40,000 students also participated in a "mock
election," which not only raised awareness about the election among all
Poles, but also gave an early signal of young voters' support for AWS
and Freedom Union, the current governing parties .


Following Poland's 1997 parliamentary elections, there was real risk
that tensions within the large AWS coalition, and between AWS and its
governing partner, Freedom Union, would undermine the effectiveness of
the new government and reverse the progress that had been made toward
consolidation of AWS. In an effort to confront these vulnerabilities,
IRI initiated a post-election program that emphasized media and
communications training for Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek's chancellory and
cabinet. The goal has been improved communications among the governing
coalition, its constituent parties and the Polish electorate.

Uzupełnienia i sprostowania:
Wszystkie teksty zawarte na witrynie polskich Indymediów mogą być przedrukowywane w celach niekomercyjnych (za podaniem źródła), chyba że autor zastrzegł sobie prawa autorskie. Wyrażone w nich opinie należą wyłącznie do ich autorów i zespół Indymediów nie ponosi za nie odpowiedzialnosci. Zasady pracy redakcji IMC opisane są w polityce redakcyjnej.